Types of diabetes

Diabetes has always been a play of the pancreas and major people call it the inability or insufficient secretion of insulin in the body. This is one way true, but there‚Äôs a lot more to add on!  Coming on insulin- the major player of the game, is a hormone produced by the pancreas which takes a role in carrying the glucose through the bloodstream to different cells in the body so that the powerhouse of the cells can further convert it into usable energy. 

With the step in of a dynamic environment, not only the climate is changing, but a lot of other things are taking turns too. And taking notes from that, diabetes on today’s date is selling out like Archie’s comics! It’s that popular for a reference, you see! So, talking about diabetes, people always consider it to be either type 1 or type 2, which isn’t the boundary to it. Laying down facts about the same, people with type 1 diabetes are taken for a fail of the pancreas to secrete any or negligible amount of insulin in the body, and so are prescribed to have insulin shots from outside! Whereas, on the other hand, people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, are said to have beta- cells that aren’t completely destroyed, and the pancreas does produce insulin but not the sufficient amount. And therefore they can run on pills if the case doesn’t get worse. The third hand to diabetes mellitus is juvenile diabetes. As the word suggests, it’s a case made up on someone belonging to the tinkle reading age group. Here’s a thing that often confuses us with a twist. All the juvenile diabetics are also the type 1 diabetics but not all the type 1s are juvenile! 

Did you ever put your foot in two different boats? Well, type 1.5 or LADA(Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults) is one of a kind that displays features of both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It’s mostly diagnosed at a certain age-post 30s and hence is majorly confused with type 2. Here the person affected faces off the bags of type 1 as the targeted body starts producing certain antibodies that hamper the immune system and stop the formation of beta-cells. And the reason for it to share characteristics with type 2 is that, initially, under controllable circumstances, LADA doesn’t demand insulin injections and can run ages as same if gone controlled. 

Another such type is MODY( Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young). In such a case, the age that is targeted is the adolescence phase or the period of being a young adult. MODY can be well treated with the help of drugs and not insulin if the case doesn’t get weird. A slight change in lifestyle and eating habits would blend well in order to make peace with MODY.

This isn’t the end of the chapter, but surely summarizes the major and most common types of diabetes that are talked about. But, other than the life long and long term promises of diabetes, it also comes in as a temporary gift! One common way of doing the thing is through gestational diabetes. With all those hormones flushing down, it’s convenient for insulin to play its role too! Gestational diabetes tags along with pregnancy in most cases, but goes away once the gift is delivered. 

Members like diabetes insipidus is another kind in the family of diabetes, but ain’t the topic to get covered here. It is one thing to say now after all the reading has done above, you could relate with me when I say diabetes is not a disease, but a deficiency!