Types of diabetes
Diabetes has always been a play of the pancreas. It is the inability or insufficient secretion of insulin in the body. It is in one way true, but there’s a lot more to add on! Coming on to insulin- the major player of the game is a hormone produced by the pancreas which takes a role in carrying the glucose through the bloodstream to different cells in the body so that the powerhouse of the cells can further convert it into usable energy.
With the step in of a dynamic environment, not only is the climate changing, but a lot of other things are taking turns too. And taking notes from that, diabetes on today’s date is selling out like Archie’s comics! It is that popular for a reference, you see! So, talking about diabetes, people always consider it to be either TYPE 1 or TYPE 2, which isn’t the boundary to it. Let us talk facts now, people with TYPE 1 Diabetes are taken for a fail of the pancreas to secrete any or negligible amount of insulin in the body, and so are prescribed to have insulin shots from outside! People diagnosed with TYPE 2 Diabetes are said to have beta-cells that aren’t destroyed, and the pancreas does produce insulin but an insufficient amount. Therefore, they can run on pills if the case does not get worse. The third hand to diabetes mellitus is Juvenile Diabetes. As the word suggests, it is a case made up of someone belonging to the tinkle reading age group. Here is a thing that often confuses us with a twist. All the Juvenile diabetics are also TYPE 1 Diabetic but not all the TYPE 1’s are Juvenile!
Did you ever put your foot in two different boats? Well, TYPE 1.5 or LADA(Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults) is one of a kind that displays features of both TYPE 1 Diabetes and TYPE 2 diabetes. It is mostly diagnosed at a certain age-post 30’s and hence is majorly confused with TYPE 2. Here the person affected faces off the bags of TYPE 1 as the targeted body starts producing certain antibodies that hamper the immune system and stop the formation of beta-cells. And the reason for it to share characteristics with TYPE 2 is that, initially, under controllable circumstances, LADA does not demand insulin injections and can run ages as same if gone controlled.
Another such type is MODY( Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young). In such a case, the age that is targeted is the adolescence phase or the period of being a young adult. MODY can be well treated with drugs and not insulin if the case does not get weird. A slight change in lifestyle and eating habits would blend well to make peace with MODY.
This is not the end of the chapter, but surely summarizes the major and most common types of diabetes that are talked about. But, other than the life long and long term promises of diabetes, it also comes in as a temporary gift! One common way of doing the thing is through Gestational diabetes. With all those hormones flushing down, it is convenient for insulin to play its role too! Gestational diabetes tags along with pregnancy in most cases, but goes away once the gift is delivered.
It is one thing to say now after all the reading has done above, you could relate with me when I say diabetes is not a disease, but a deficiency!